What is Frama-C ?
Frama-C is a suite of tools dedicated to the analysis of the source code of so are written in C.
Frama-C gathers several static analysis techniques in a single collaborative framework. The collaborative approach of Frama-C allows static analyzers to build upon the results already computed by other analyzers in the framework. Thanks to this approach, Frama-C provides sophisticated tools, such as a slicer and dependency analysis.
Static analysis ?
Static analysis of source code is the science of computing synthetic information about the source code without executing it.
To most programmers, static analysis means measuring the source code with respect to various metrics (examples are the number of comments per line of code and the depth of nested control structures). This kind of syntactic analysis can be implemented in Frama-C but it is not the focus of the project.
Others may be familiar with heuristic bug-finding tools. These tools take more of an in-depth look at the source code and try to pinpoint dangerous constructions and likely bugs (locations in the code where an error might happen at run-time). These heuristic tools do not find all such bugs, and sometimes they alert the user for constructions which are in fact not bugs.
Frama-C is closer to these heuristic tools than it is to software metrics tools, but it has two important differences with them: it aims at being correct, that is, never to remain silent for a location in the source code where an error can happen at run-time. And it allows its user to manipulate functional specifications, and to prove that the source code satisfies these specifications.